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A Few Words About Architecture And Design:

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The Greek builders that lived on the coast of Turkey created cement somewhere in the year 200 BC. Cement then replaced weaker construction materials such as bitumen and gypsum plastic. The cement consists of a combination of clay, water and sand. On the other hand, the Romans used ground volcanic lava found in the Pozzuoli region for construction purposes. This material therefore got its name as Pozzuolanic cement. This cement is one of the strongest mortars ever developed by the mankind. The cement has made possible some of the most amazing Roman architectures.


Later, Roman architects indulged themselves into activities like painting and developing new machineries. During the 1st century BC, Roman architecture comprised of three major forms namely Arch, Dome and Vault. A vault is a tunnel that has an open arch, while the dome is a collection of multiple arches having a common centre. One of the great historical monuments that greatly reflect the Roman architectural capabilities is the Pont du Gard. Constructed in the 1st century AD, this spectacular structure is a channel that brings water from the river Eure to the town of Nimes.


Roman bridges built during the 2nd century AD are some examples of marvelous Roman architecture. One such bridge is the Trajan’s bridge built in 105 AD. It consists of two huge central arches and rises 210 feet above the river. Constructed from granite, the bridge is 110 feet wide. Each block of the bridge weighs around eight tons. Similarly, the Sant’ Angelo bridge is also a perfect example of the finest ancient Roman architecture. Prime materials used by the Roman architects for constructing these bridges were concrete and cement.


Pantheon is another great architectural wonder in Rome. It consists of a huge dome that has an open centre. The building has a circular interior. The exact placement of the circular base on a square shaped base talks about the sophistication of the Roman builders and architects. Built in 120AD, Pantheon has been a place of worship for more than two thousand years now. The place remained as a Christian church for a very long time.


The ancient builders and architects were in constant search of new methods to come up with safe and long lasting constructions. They constantly experimented on finding out new materials that would make the constructions more durable. Without a doubt, architecture has undergone a huge transformation since the last couple of centuries.



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